Smoking affects on many aspects on health. Fertility is one side. There is strong evidence showing the negative effects of smoking on fertility both in male and female. In female, smoking affects follicular microenvironment and changes hormone levels in the luteal phase. Many studies showed strong association between female smoke and compromised fertility. Menopause occurs 1-4 year earlier in women who smoke compared to those who don’t smoke. A study involved in 14893 women in pregnancy showed delayed pregnancy more than 12 months in women who smoke compared to women who don’t. In male, smoking reduces sperm production, sperm motility and changes sperm morphology. Smoking also increases risk of DNA damage. In adult men smoking leads to hypoxia in testis this is because smoking causes small blood vessel contraction and reduces blood and oxygen supply to the testis. Compromised oxygen supply to testis would impair sperm production. Mother in pregnancy smoked heavily could affect her son’s sperm production when he grew up. Men’s sperm production could decrease about 40% by maternal smoking in pregnancy.
Both male and female smoking decrease IVF success rate. A study with 301 couples undergoing IVF or ICSI revealed that men smoking significantly decreased the success rate. There are many studies of association between women who smoke or passively smoke and IVF success rate. The findings are very similar: women who smoke have reduced IVF pregnancy rate and live birth rate compared to women who don’t smoke.
How can physicians help stop smoking?
Stop smoking can hard to some people who smoke. Many methods are considered to help patients stop smoking such as individual counselling, pharmacotherapy, and group therapy etc. There is a survey from Swiss to assess how physicians help patients stop smoking. 84% prescribed nicotine replacement therapy; 65% prescribed bupropion, or 70% provided counselling. 26% recommended acupuncture, 8% recommended hypnosis, 7% recommended relaxation and 24% recommended self-help material.
How can acupuncture help giving up smoking?
Some complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) was used to help adult smokers to give up smoking. There was a National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) in the United State survey to analyse CAM usage in adult smokers. A total 54437 aged over 18 smokers were participated the survey from 2002 and 2007. 10 type of CAM therapies were analysed including acupuncture, Ayurveda, biofeedback, chelation therapy, chiropractic care, energytherapy, folk medicine, hypnosis, massage and naturopathy. The percentage of recent users of CAM therapies increased from 12.5% to 15.4% between 2002 and 2007. The largest increases were seen in massage, chiropractic, and acupuncture. Despite a decrease in the national average smokers, proportions of smokers within specific CAM remained consistent. CAM practitioners in particular those in chiropractic, acupuncture and massage, represent new groups in the health care community to promote giving up smoking.
Acupuncture can help giving up smoking. A research paper has recently been just published. Kang OS et al studied that acupuncture reduces the desire for smoking using fMRI- a brain scan through which brain activity can be measured. There were 25 male smokers involved in the study in two groups real acupuncture group and sham acupuncture group. After 36 hour of smoking ban for them, their brain activity was measured using fMRI scan and then treatments of real acupuncture and sham acupuncture were given. They found that the desire for smoking scored lower in real acupuncture group compared with sham acupuncture group. Brain activities in a few regions were significantly different including prefrontal cortex, the premotor cortex, the amygdale, the hippocampus and the thalamus. These regions were involved in attention, motivation and reward. Acupuncture helps reduce desires of smoking through altering particular part of brain activity in smokers after stop smoking.
Kang OS et al. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2013 Feb 28 [Epub ahead of print]
Homan GF et al Human Reproduction Update (2007) 13:209-223
Hamm E et al Am J Health Promot 2013 Dec 20.
Welcome to my blog
Acupuncture specialist for Fertility, Facial rejuvenation, Pain relief.
Based at Kensington and Harley Street Central London.Qualified as a medical doctor in Western medicine over 20 years ago in China with a Medical degree from Beijing, China and a PhD degree from the UK. Many year research and clinical experiences
Doctor who is passionate about acupuncture
I love what I do, I am good at it and I am always there for my patients. If you come and see me, you will know why I am standing out.
This blog is to introduce latest development and research of acupuncture and offer a chance of awareness of more treatment options for your condition. The blog is for information purpose only.
- My specialised areas include fertility for women and men, facial rejuvenation, acne, various pain conditions, chronic fatigue and hormone regulation with acupuncture treatment.
Practice contact for appointments and addresses
Kensington: for appointments at Anamaya center Kensington please call at 02030110355 or email at firstname.lastname@example.org
Address: 1 Adam and Eve Mews, Kensington, London W8 6UG
2 min walk from High Street Kensington underground stationHarley Street: for appointments at Harley Street please call ALO clinic at 02076368845 or email at email@example.comAddressSuite 3 Harmont House20 Harley Street, London W1G 9PH5 min walk from Oxford Circus underground stationMy background: I became a qualified medical doctor in Western medicine 20 years ago in China and was well trained in Western medicine together with Chinese medicine in the best Medical University in Beijing, China. Also I was trained with Dr Zheren Xuan--famous orthopedics expert and founder of soft tissue surgery in China. I am dedicated to treat patients with acupuncture and am recognized as one of the world leading acupuncture specialists.
I obtained a PhD degree in the University of Leeds in the UK.
I had post doctoral training and worked as a senior researcher in St George's hospital, London, UK.
I had frequently presented my research findings in the top international conferences in the field.
I have many publications including ebooks and articles.
I have many year clinical experiences. Over the years of practicing, I have developed unique treatment approaches for infertility, skin aging, acne, vulvodynia, neck pain, headache, migraine, shoulder pain, back pain, fatigue, hot flushes, Parkison's disease etc to achieve best treatment results. My devotion and skills are highly praised by my patients.
- My books--Know your ovary to get pregnant
- ----------------Get pregnant fast naturally
- ----------------Facial Aging, Facial Rejuvenation Acupuncture
- ---------------Acne treatment with acupuncture
- ---------------Vulvodynia, is vulval pain in your mind?
- ---------------Know your fallopian tubes and uterus to get pregnant
- ---------------Energy, fatigue and acupuncture
- ---------------Know sperm to boost male fertility
- ---------------Headaches, Neck pain and Shoulder pain